THE EASLEY FAMILY PAGE

                                                               

THE GENEALOGY OF ROBERT (ROBIN) EASLEY, THE FRENCH HUGUENOT IMMIGRANT AND ANN PARKER

THROUGH GEORGE WOODSON EASLEY AND DELLA JEANETTE WHITTON AND THEIR FAMILY


TUCKER FAMILY

(See Tree Below)

Many Tuckers and Ellingtons (Elltons) lived near each other and migrated together resulting in many marriages.  Both families repeated first names so frequently that genealogists find the present day research challenging.  Our first connections are with David Ellington (b. 1713 VA, d. 1773 VA) and Martha Ann Tucker (b. 1718 VA, d.1782 SC).  We may have another connection with the Tuckers:  Winefred Hawkins (b1759 NC, d. after 1782) married to our John Easley II ( b. 1756 VA, d. 1827 TN).  Winefred's parents are Unknown Hawkins and Unknown Tucker.

William Tucker is the immigrant in this line and an historical figure in England and Colonial Virginia.  He and our ancestor, Captain William Powell experienced parallel adventures in the involvements of Indian affairs and Indian wars.  Captain Powell lost his life at the hands of local Indians while Captain Tucker lived through the massacres.

Captain William Tucker executed a dastardly deed against the Indians by arranging a parlay and then poisoning the liquor subsequently killing over 200 members of the local tribe and killing another 50 Indians by hand in combat.

William Tucker was considered one of the most influential merchants of his time.  He made several trips to England.  He served as the military commander of Kecoughtan and represented that village on the first House of Burgesses.  At the first session of the legislature, he petitioned the Assembly "to change the savage name of Kocowtan, and to give that Incorporation a new name." In 1620, the name Elizabeth City was adopted.  William returned to England in 1633.  He left his land in Virginia, totally 9,000 acres, to his son William.

Indian massacre of 1622

(Added by arwath3 on 8 Nov 2006 , Ancestry.com)

The Indian massacre of 1622 (also known as the Jamestown massacre) occurred in

the Virginia Colony on March 22, 1622. Jamestown was the site of the first

successful English settlement in North America in 1607, and was the capital of the

Colony of Virginia, the most important British settlement in New World at the time.

Although Jamestown itself was spared due to a timely last-minute warning, many

smaller settlements had been established along the James River both upstream

and downstream from it and were attacked without warning. Henricus was one of

the most progressive of the smaller communities which bore the brunt of the

coordinated attacks and many were abandoned in the aftermath. One of the

highest death tolls occurred at Wolstenholme Towne, the site of a recent

archeological dig which was 7 miles downriver from Jamestown at Martin's Hundred,

now part of Carter's Grove Plantation.

Background

After the First Anglo-Powhatan War (1609-1613), the marriage of Chief Powhatan's

youngest daughter Pocahontas and colonist John Rolfe in 1614 began a period of

more peaceful relations between the English colonists and the Native Americans of

the "Indian" Powhatan Confederacy. In 1618, after the death of Wahunsonacock,

better known as the original Chief Powhatan, his half-brother Opechancanough

became leader of the Powhatans. Opechancanough did not feel that peaceful

relations with the colonists could be maintained. Having recovered from the defeat

of his earlier command of the Pamunkey warriors at the end of the First Anglo-

Powhatan War, he planned the destruction of the English settlers. In the spring of

1622, after the murder of his adviser, Nemattanew, by an Englishman,

Opechancanough launched a campaign of surprise attacks upon at least thirty-one

separate British settlements and plantations mostly along the James River.

Jamestown forewarned

Jamestown, the capital and primary settlement of the colony, was saved when an

Indian boy named Chanco, who was due to slay his employer, Richard Pace, woke

Pace during the night and warned him of the imminent attack. Pace, who lived

across the James River from Jamestown, secured his family and then rowed across

the river to Jamestown in an attempt to warn the rest of the settlement. As a

result, some preparations could be made for the attack in Jamestown. Outlying

settlements, however, had no forewarning.

Destruction of other settlements

During the one-day surprise attack, many of the smaller communities, which were

essentially outposts of Jamestown, were attacked, including Henricus and its

fledgling college for Native American children and those of colonists. At Martin's

Hundred, over half the population was killed at its principal development of

Wolstenholme Towne, where only two houses and a part of a church were left

standing. In all, about four hundred colonists (a third of the white population) were

killed and around twenty women captured, taken to serve as virtual slaves to the

Indians until their death or ransom years later.

Aftermath

The cultural differences were such that the Powhatans ended hostilities and waited

in the days and months after the day of the attacks, apparently in the belief that

the colonists would accept the losses as a signal that the Powhatans were more

powerful and were to be respected and that conflicts and breeches of agreements

were to be avoided. However, this proved to be a serious lack of understanding of

the mindset of the English colonists and their backers overseas.

The March 22 attacks destroyed many of the colonists' spring crops and caused

some of the settlements to be completely abandoned. Not only in the colony, but

also in England, the attacks had the more long-term effect of reinforcing the image

of the Native Americans as savages, destroying much of the appreciation of the

Indians and their culture which had been accomplished in the years preceding by

Pocahontas and others. At Henricus, one of the most distant outposts from

Jamestown, where a well-planned school for Indian boys and college for the sons

of colonists was in its infancy, the progress and the new town there were both

lost. Another effort to establish such a school would have to wait over 70 years

until plans for the College of William and Mary were successfully presented to the

monarchy in England by the rector of Henrico Parish, James Blair, and a royal

charter issued. Apparently taking no chances of the new school being at risk of

another devastating attack, in 1693, the new school was established at Middle

Plantation, a well-fortified location a few miles from Jamestown. A few years later,

the capital of the colony was relocated there, and the name changed to

Williamsburg.

CAPTAIN WILLIAM TUCKER

Many of the colonists who witnessed and survived the March 1622 attacks

thereafter despised all Indians and vowed revenge. Their retaliatory raids on the

tribes and particularly on the Indians' corn crops in the summer and fall of 1622

were so successful that Chief Opechancanough decided in desperation to negotiate

with the colonists. Through friendly Indian intermediaries, a peace parlay was

finally made between the two groups. However, some of the Jamestown leaders,

led by Captain William Tucker, poisoned the Indians' share of the liquor for the

parlay's ceremonial toast. The poison killed about two hundred Indians and

another fifty were then killed by hand. However, Chief Opechancanough escaped.

Virginia became a royal colony of England two years later in 1624. The change

meant that the English crown had direct authority over the colony instead of

through the Virginia Company of London. The main result was that Royal favorites

could now profit from the colonies instead of the members of the Virginia Company.

As in most Colonies, the colonists there continued to be exploited for the personal

profit of those few in charge, and the interests of the Powhatans were even less

considered. Expansion into Indian land and breach of agreements continued to be

the general relationship, leading to an increasing level of frustration amongst the

tribes.

The next major uprising of the Powhatan Confederacy would occur in 1644 when

around five hundred English colonists would perish. By then, this loss represented

less than ten percent of the population, and had far lesser impact upon the

colonists. This time, Opechancanough who was quite old and had to be transported

by litter, was captured. Imprisoned at Jamestown, he was murdered by one of

colonists appointed to guard him.

The death of Opechancanough clearly marked the beginning of the continual and

increasingly precipitous decline of the once powerful Powhatan Confederacy,

whose members were eventually left to either leave the area entirely, gradually

intermix their residential communities with the colonists, or live on one of the few

reservations established in Virginia, although even these were subject to incursion

and seizure of land by the ever expanding white population.

In modern times, only seven tribes of the original Powhatan Confederacy are

recognized in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The two longstanding reservations

are those of the Pamunkey and Mattaponi, both located between the rivers of the

same name within (but technically independent of) King William County.

 

(Tom Clark, 06 November 2006 General Forum  ID   *****9651)
 
 6 April 1589
 [S-6]
 Christening of Captain William Tucker at St Nicholas Acons, London, England
 
 1610
 [S-7]
 Captain William Tucker immigrated to America on the Mary and James.
 
 1612
 [S-6]
 Captain William Tucker & brother Thomas each received a bequest of 10 pounds sterling from Henry Steevens, Citizen & Haberdasher of London.
 
 1617 & 1618
 [S-6]
 Captain William Tucker sent two men from England in 1617 and followed in 1618.
 
 1618
 [S-8]
 In 1618 Governor Samuel Argall appointed Captain William Tucker commander of Point Comfort.
 
 30 July 1619
 [S-5] & [S-12]
 Captain William Tucker of Kicoughtan was a member House of Burgess.
 
 6 December 1620
 [S-20]
 Captain William Tucker patents 650 acres in Norfolk, along the James River. This property was sold by 1644 to Captain John Sibsey.
 
 17 April 1621
 [S-24]
 William Tucker of Elizabeth City, VA gives a deposition.
 
 May 1621
 [S-18]
 Captain William Tucker recommends Richard Norwood as surveyor who was anxious to emigrate to Virginia.
 
 1621
 [S-10]
 Captain William Tucker and Ralph Hamor went to London to see Parliament for Virginia's case in opposing the tobacco contract proposed by Sir Thomas Roe and others.
 [S-25]
 William Tucker is involved in a lawsuit.
 
 23 December 1621
 [S-1] & [S-23]
 Governor in Virginia. Commission to William Tucker: To trade in Bay for corn.
 
 22 March 1622
 [S-3] & [S-4]
 The Powhatan Indian Attack kills 347 colonists, setting off a war that lasted a decade.
 
 18 May 1622
 [S-23]
 Commission to Captain William Tucker to command Kecoughtan.
 
 16 July 1622
 [S-1] & [S-23]
 Governor in Virginia. A Commission to William Tucker: To begin a plantation on the Eastern Shore.
 
 3 January 1622/3
 [S-2], [S-13] & [S-23]
 Governor in Virginia. Instructions to Captain William Tucker.
 
 12 May 1623
 [S-2] & [S-23]
 Governor in Virginia. Commission to Captain William Tucker.
 
 22 May 1623
 [S-3] & [S-4]
 Captain William Tucker met with Opechancanough and other prominent Powhatans.
 
 12 July 1623
 [S-23]
 Commission to Captain William Pierce, Captain Samuel Mathews, Captain Nathaniel West and Captain William Tucker to raise men to attack the Indians.
 
 23 July 1623
 [S-16]
 Captain William Tucker was assigned the attack upon the "Nansamums, & Wariscoyacks".
 
 31 August 1623
 [S-23]
 Proclamation touching payment of debts: No one shall dispose of any part of his tobacco until he has paid all his debts, whether the debt be to the Magazine, the Company, to Captain Tucker or to private individuals.
 
 October 1623
 [S-23]
 Warrant to Captain William Tucker: Levy on tobacco throughout the Plantations to pay for the public debt. Levy on sassafras.
 
 28 October 1623
 [S-23]
 Warrant to Captain William Tucker: To recruit thirty men for the defense of the colony from the plantation under his command.
 
 27 November 1623
 [S-2]
 Governor in Virginia. A Warrant to Captain William Tucker.
 
 26 December 1623
 [S-2]
 Governor in Virginia. A Letter to Captain William Tucker.
 
 31 December 1623
 [S-2]
 Council in Virginia. A Commission to Captain William Tucker.
 
 9 January 1623/4
 [S-2]
 Council in Virginia. An Order to Captain William Tucker.
 
 20 September 1624
 [S-6] & [S-20]
 Captain William Tucker, now commander of Koccoughton, 150@ w/in Elizabeth City County. This property was sold to Ralph Barlowe 18 March 1645.
 
 7 February 1624/5
 [S-11]
 Captain William Tucker and family are listed in Muster.
 
 1625
 [S-7]
 Captain William Tucker member of the King's Council
 
 1626
 [S-6] & [S-17]
 Undated, lands granted by patent to Captain William Tucker, Elizabeth City (150@) and south of the river (650@).
 
 17 October 1628
 [S-20]
 Captain William Tucker patents 50 acres.
 
 17 November 1628
 [S-20]
 Captain William Tucker sells the property he patented a month earlier to Thomas Willoughby.
 
 18 December 1628
 [S-21]
 Captain William Tucker sails for England landing at Plymouth 2 February.
 
 12 May 1630
 [S-21]
 Captain William Tucker gives evidence about the ship the Sun.
 
 28 May 1631 (about)
 [S-9]
 William Claiborne "took command" of his Kent Island venture and sailed from England on the ship Africa (hired from William Tucker, who had married a sister of Maurice Thomson) with servants and supplies.
 
 1 June 1632
 [S-20]
 Captain William Tucker patents 100 acres in Elizabeth City.
 
 1632 & 1633
 [S-10]
 William Tucker and Thomas Stone in a syndicate given a right to market the entire Virginian tobacco crop.
 
 6 February 1633
 [S-20]
 Captain William Tucker sells the 100 acres he patented eight months earlier in Elizabeth City to Lancelott Barnes.
 
 17 January 1634
 [S-27]
 Examination of William Tucker of Redrith (co. Surrey), aged 44, "armiger".
 
 1634
 [S-19]
 Richard Thompson of Walton, Herts, married Elizabeth, daughter of John Harsnett (Visitation of Herts, 1634). They had issue: Mary, born 1599, married Captain William Tucker, born1589, who was in Virginia 1610, member of the House of Burgess 1623, member of the Council 1626, and had issue: Elizabeth, born in Virginia 1624-5.
 
 14 July 1635
 [S-20]
 Captain William Tucker patents 200 acres in Norfolk. This property was sold to Richard Joanis in November of 1646.
 
 9 February 1636
 [S-7] & [S-20]
 Captain William Tucker partner in Berkeley Hundred Land Deal (8000 acres in Charles City Co., VA).
 
 18 June 1638
 [S-28]
 Depositions of William Tucker and William Harris against Ralph Wyatt over a quantity of tobacco brought back from Virginia in the "Globe".
 
 17 September 1638
 [S-26]
 Petition of the defendants John West, Samuel Mathew, William Tucker and others to Lord Coventry.
 
 1638 (about)
 [S-10]
 Captain William Tucker was in partnership in trade to an unnamed area with Maurice Thomson, George Thomson and James Stone.
 
 1638 - 1641
 [S-10]
 Captain William Tucker may have been involved in Captain William Jackson's raiding voyage to the Spanish West Indies with William Pennoyer and Thomas Frere. (Brenner, Merchants and Revolution, p. 158 has it that Capt. William Jackson was once an apprentice of William Tucker in the London Clothworkers Company.)
 
 12 October 1639
 [S-22]
 Captain William Tucker involved in auditing accounts between Cloberry and Claiborne (Cleborne).
 
 1 October 1642
 [S-14]
 Captain William Tucker, Assistant to the Committee going to Ireland.
 
 11 October 1642
 [S-15]
 Captain William Tucker to be Assistant to the Committee that are to go into Ireland.
 
 12 October 1642
 [S-6]
 Will of Captain William Tucker written.
 
 22 December 1643
 [S-6]
 LAND: William Tucker, near land of John Carter, 22 Dec 1643.(p150 Cavaliers & Pioneers of VA vol I).
 
 
Sources.
 1. Thomas Jefferson Papers: Records of the Virginia Company: Table of Contents for Volume III
 
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/jefferson_papers/vc03.html
 2. Thomas Jefferson Papers: Records of the Virginia Company: Table of Contents for Volume IV
 
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/jefferson_papers/vc04.html
 3. Virtual Jamestown - Timeline
 
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/timeline2.html
 4. TheHistoryNet - Powhatan Uprising of 1622
 
http://www.historynet.com/wars_conflicts/17_18_century/3035981.html?featured=y&c=y
 5. The Colonial Virginia Register
 
http://www.newrivernotes.com/va/vareg1.htm
 6. William Tucker page by Brad Behrens
 
http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bradsdata&id=I11433
 7. The Thom(p)son Conundrum:
 
http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~bianco/Resources/riddle.html
 8. Origin of the Melungeons - 1619, Part 4
 
http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/Melungeon/2004-09/1096428217
 9. The First Campbells on Jamaica
 
http://www.danbyrnes.com.au/blackheath/jamaica.htm
 10. Merchants and Bankers From 1625-1650
 
http://www.danbyrnes.com.au/merchants/merchants6a.htm
 11. Search the Jamestown 1624/5 Muster Records:
 
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/Muster/muster24.html
 12. Uncovering Traces of Historic Kecoughtan
 
http://www.wm.edu/wmcar/pentran.html
 13. Virginia Company and Colonial Jamestown Documents
 
http://www.reinhardtpublications.com/documents_in_book.htm
 14. British History Online: House of Lords Journal Volume 5: 1 October 1642
 
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=34914
 15. British History Online: House of Lords Journal Volume 5: 11 October 1642
 
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=34922
 16. Isle of Wight Plantation
 
http://web.ukonline.co.uk/lordcornell/iwhr/va/iwplant.htm
 17. Early Virginia Immigrants/emigrants
 
http://www.phc.igs.net/~gordpace/lines/fact0010.htm
 18. Economic History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century: Chapter VIII
 
http://www.dinsdoc.com/bruce-1-8.htm
 19. Virginia Heraldica by William Armstrong Crozier
 ISBN: 080630085X
 20. Virginia Patents of Captain William Tucker
 Sent to me by Doug Tucker of FL
 21. Virginia Colonial Records Project - Survey Report # 4200 (revised 4001)
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/04001/0001.tiff
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/04001/0002.tiff
 22. Virginia Colonial Records Project - Survey Report # 8901
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/08901/0001.tiff
 23. Virginia Colonial Records Project - Survey Report # 13629
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/13629/0005.tiff
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/13629/0006.tiff
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/13629/0008.tiff
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/13629/0009.tiff
 24. Virginia Colonial Records Project - Survey Report # 8691
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/08691/0004.tiff
 25. Virginia Colonial Records Project - Survey Report # 4240 (revised 4041)
 
http://ajax.lva.lib.va.us/F/D8F6N352SD9JCTHGS13HSHYPG7L3NEPP8TNLAUMB3YDEISNS27-01582?func=full-set-set&set_number=005891&set_entry=000001&format=999
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/04041/0002.tiff
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/04041/0003.tiff
 26. Virginia Colonial Records Project - Survey Report # 7294
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/07294/0001.tiff
 27. Virginia Colonial Records Project - Survey Report # 4201 (revised 4002)
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/04002/0004.tiff
 28. Virginia Colonial Records Project - Survey Report # 5760 (revised 5496)
 
http://lvaimage.lib.va.us/disk18/CR/05496/0001.tiff

Emily Alice Ellington is the line to William Tucker.  Emily Alice is the wife of our Easley ancestor:  William Easley (1813-1854)

 

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